Rodents, in particular the black rat, the brown rat and the house mouse, carry and spread disease not only through their bodily functions, such as Vile’s Disease, but alsothrough the ticks and mites that live in their fur.
Rodents can be found in our homes, supermarkets, restaurants, livestock pens, and farm fields. Warehouses, grain mills, elevators, silos and corncribs are especially vulnerable to rodent infestation. Rodents will eat anything man or his livestock eats. They are mainly active at night. Rats are seldom seen during the day except when populations are exceedingly large. Rats and mice can crawl through very small crevices, which make it hard to confine their movement. Even if you can’t see them, you may hear them moving after dark.
Under ideal conditions, a pair of rats could produce 1,000 offspring in one year! Food contamination by their urine and feces is one of the major problems humans face with rats.
Rats contaminate huge percentages of agricultural and food produce each year and are of particular concern to premises where food is prepared as the food waste, if not correctly disposed of, will attract such pests and they will in turn contaminate much of the food that is sold and/or served. Rats are enormous carriers of many different diseases, and it has been reported that rats bite more than fifteen thousand people per year involving very young, old or incapacitated.
Some of the diseases caused by rats are bubonic plague, salmonella, leptospirosis, hantavirus and tularemia.
- They are destructive pests and serious safety hazards.
- They start fires by gnawing on electric cables. The next time you hear the phrase “fire of unknown origin,” think about rats and mice.
- They eat large amounts of food, and they contaminate even more with their urine, faeces, and hair. At least 20 percent of the world’s food is eaten or contaminated by rats and mice each year. Food spoilage is a big issue.
- They damage structures, books, furniture, even appliances, through gnawing and burrowing.
- Worse, they spread disease to humans and other animals through their bite, by transporting fleas, lice, mites and ticks, and by leaving their droppings in food and other materials that humans contact. Rodents are vectors for bubonic plague, rat bite fever, leptospirosis, Hantavirus, trichinosis, infectious jaundice, rat mite dermatitis, salmonellosis, pulmonary fever, and typhus. Mice have also been linked to asthma.
- As gnawing and burrowing animals, rodents inflict serious damage to our structures, equipment, furniture, utilities and transportation vehicles.
Effective control necessitates that all homeowners in a community work together to eliminate sources of food, water, and shelter. If you think you have an infestation of rodents, contact us now so that we can attend your home or workplace, identify the rodents concerned and eradicate the problem.